Ayana Agriculture Agency quoted Gheydarijan city news agency
By holding two debates and broadcasting a number of propaganda documents and news presidential candidates for the 12th presidential term, despite the fact that the agricultural sector is one of the most important economic sectors, addressing it and determining and announcing a specific program by experts Presidential candidates have not been raised, and perhaps the activists in this field, like other economic activists, expect to see the challenges and strengths of this area in the third option in the third debate, which will be held tomorrow on the subject of economic affairs. Candidates will be raised. This is important because the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, considered the farmers as the largest contributor to the nation, believed that solving agricultural problems that are of ammunition in the country is the responsibility of the government with the support of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Sahifeh Imam, 17, p. 34).
However, given the role of the agricultural sector and rural development in controlling the migration of villagers to cities, whose social and economic implications are also tangible, providing operational programs and not slogans in the form of unscrupulous slogans such as granting more low subsidies It is becoming increasingly important for the informants to be proud of the promise of these astronomical promises. In addition to a few, there is a general slogan from the new candidates, such as the claim that the export of saffron should be closed and not bulky, which is not expertly possible, which is possible by an order of an executive officer overnight, an operational plan Certain campaigning for these candidates has not been provided for further prosperity and removing some of the barriers present. Meanwhile, with the unprecedented statements of the Ministry of Agriculture’s low-level minister of agriculture in the agricultural jihad, agricultural sector seems to be able to play a decisive role in the electoral campaign in the coming days.
The future government does not have a look at farming
Ali Khan Mohammadi, the managing director of the National Assembly of Agricultural Experts, said in an interview with the correspondent of IAAN that presidential candidates still do not pay much attention to the agricultural sector, as they have to say, based on what they say about the debates and their speeches.
He said that no specific program has been announced by any of the candidates for the agricultural sector and related industries, while the industry is of high importance for maintaining the country’s food security and independence.
Khan Mohammadi, referring to the brilliant role of trade unions and agricultural organizations in the leading countries, adds: To this day, the entire government has been viewed as an inherent one, and the private sector and unions and organizations have not been in their real position.
According to him, agricultural organizations need to be strengthened to provide farmers’ rights and bring agriculture to its proper place, otherwise, in the next four years, the agricultural industry will face the same problems.
Khan Mohammadi considers the government only the right to monitor, adding that intervention in the purchase, sale and prices of agricultural products is not the work of governments, and that liberalization should be done in all sectors so that the private sector can end the disruption of the agricultural industry.
Research is at the service of industry, not government
He considered research to be another important issue that should be addressed in presidential candidates’ schedules.
Khan Mohammadi says research should be in the service of experts and in accordance with the needs of the farmers, not the government!
The candidate is eligible for agriculture
The director of the National Assembly of Agricultural Experts called on the presidential candidates to clearly state their plans for the agricultural sector in the final debate, which is also economic.
In his opinion, having a bachelor program for a significant and influential industry, such as agriculture, demonstrates the merits of the candidate.
Pulse to maintain food security in maintaining self-control of wheat production
Wheat is one of the most consumable crops in the country, and is considered as a strategic product and management in the economy, which is why it is necessary to pay attention to this product in presidential candidates’ programs. Although the achievement of self-sufficiency of this important product was realized for the second time “after a sharp fall in production and increasing dependence” in the eleventh government, it is more important than this that self-sufficiency is continuing that the head of the state of the twelfth must have serious plans for them. .
Ali Gholi Imani, chairman of the National wheat farmers’ association, in an interview with IAAA correspondent, believes that the pace of maintaining food security in keeping the country’s self-reliance on wheat is to be maintained continuously and consistently.
Referring to what at the end of the tenth government on wheat harvesters and the production of the product, he called for “planning to maintain the preservation of the wheat self-sufficiency by presidential candidates.” What had already ended in the government of Mohammad Khatami’s wheat self-reliance, but with the change of directors in the ninth and tenth governments and the politics of the political economy ruling the country without security and expertise, Iran was one of the largest importers Wheat became the world too!
Imani continued, reducing farmers’ income with increasing dependence on the results of neglecting the continued self-sufficiency of wheat and said: In the year 91, the import of wheat to Iran was broken to around 7 million tons, during which more than 6 million And 699 thousand tons of wheat worth over $ 2.5 billion and $ 580 million. Along with this level of import and dependence, which has been unprecedented for nearly a decade, farmers’ income levels have also fallen sharply, as planting of wheat by farmers accounts for 48 to 50 percent of the agricultural and agricultural share of the country, and The title is the agricultural skeletons .
He continued: in the 2009-2013 cropping season, the level of wheat cultivation was 6 million and 200 thousand hectares, and at best the income of wheat farmers was 3 million and 72 thousand tomans, but with planning for self-sufficiency of wheat and despite declining levels in the 94- 95 to five million and 830 thousand hectares, the income of wheat farmers increased by about 4 times to 11 million 760 thousand tomans. Imani said: Despite the decline in cultivation, last year more than 14 million tons of wheat was produced in the country, which was purchased from farmers at about 11.5 million tons worth 145 thousand billion Rials .
Asked by critics of wheat self-sufficiency, considering the high cost of producing this product in the country and its purchase price 2 times higher than world prices, wheat self-sufficiency is not justifiable. What is your answer, he said: one of The important questions raised in the presidential election debates were the strategy of each of the candidates to prevent immigration and marginalization. To respond to these critics, it should be noted that reducing the production of wheat and returning to dependence, reducing employment for the villagers, increasing immigration and reducing the security of the community will be something that should cost a lot to them.
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According to Imani, agricultural inputs in the last two years have been offered at a roughly constant rate and inflation has had the least impact, thus creating a good margin for farmers.
He also assessed the payment of claims in the agricultural field of the 11th province and said: “Except for the short delay in the payment of wheat farmers’ claims in 1995, the payment of claims in other products has been well-suited, as part of the delay caused by surplus production by the expectation It was also.
Imani, recalling that 80 percent of the country’s food needs are currently provided, urged the future government, with its domestic capacities, to do its utmost to secure 20 percent of the domestic supply and achieve full self-sufficiency in this Field.
He also paid attention to eliminating the barriers to developing the export of agricultural products to the advantage of the farmers from the rightful demands of farmers and industry activists.
Less attention to agriculture is due to the increase in poverty, hunger and other countries’ domination
Reza Nurani, chairman of the National Union for Agricultural Products, said in an interview with the IAA correspondent, referring to this year’s name in the name of Resistance Economics, production and employment of agricultural sectors are among the most important economic and effective sectors in the production of endogenous and employment-friendly products.
He said that 25 percent of the country’s employment is in the agricultural sector, said: “This is a significant figure to be paid for it.”
According to Nurani, governments that are less focused on the agricultural sector are more likely to face the challenges of poverty, hunger, and domination of other countries.
He enjoys the benefit of the country from sunlight and the existence of four seasons at a time, as a blessing that is provided free of charge to governments and nations in order to bring the country’s food security to its highest.
Men of politics revise their look at the “green gold”
“It’s expected that after about 40 years of the Islamic Revolution, the men of the country will be reforming their country’s policy of reform, rather than slogans like yellow and silly slogans, such as the need to increase the number of barrels sold,” he said, regretting the talk of some candidates to increase oil sales. Oil, the development of agricultural and value added industries, which are referred to as “green gold.”
Referring to the words of the Supreme Leader, he referred to the move to the production and consumption of healthy products from the legal duties of the government and said: the assurance of the health of imported products to the country is also a controversial subject that the future government should pay attention to.
President of the National Union of Agricultural Products, recalling that FAO has introduced Iran as a country capable of producing crops, added: “According to the international center, Iran not only has the ability to self-sufficiency in the production of agricultural products, but also the need for countries in the margin The Gulf, and this means the high capacity of this industry, which the future government needs to pay more attention to.
Agricultural waste will be reduced
Luminous also highlighted the high volume of waste in agricultural crops in the country that the future government should pay more attention to.
The FAO said in a report that Iran loses about 30 to 35 percent of its products in terms of waste, a volume that could cover 9 million people.
Noirani continued: since reductions in agricultural crops could bring about $ 8 billion of currency reserves for Iran, more attention to conversion industries, the modernization of agricultural machinery, and the introduction and use of day-to-day knowledge of farms is one of the measures that the government Future can be taken by adopting incentive measures to reduce waste.
Taxes on agricultural inputs will be eliminated
Mehdi Hosseini Yazdi, chairman of the Agriculture Committee of Iran’s Agricultural Chamber of Agriculture, said in an interview with the IAEA correspondent that the most important problem for farmers to be gained by the government was to reduce agricultural inputs by eliminating tolls, taxes and minimum tariffs.
He said that import tariffs for poisons in the leading countries were 4 to 6 percent, adding that this tariff was set at 20 percent in Iran, and that the tariffs for this input would be 6 percent, which is 20 to 30 percent of the final price Includes.
Husseini Yazdi, referring to the 9 percent value-added tax on agricultural machinery and equipment, stated that these costs would be imposed on the agricultural industry while the industry would not be trading in foreign currency and importing inputs would be done with free exchange. .
According to him, they are farmers who ultimately have to pay more for the purchase of institutions; tariffs, taxes and import duties.
Release of prices instead of guaranteed purchases
Hazni Yazdi, criticizing the guarantee purchase method, called for the release of prices in the future government, saying that the government would stop prices by ensuring guaranteed prices at a certain level and, on the other hand, by charging taxes and duties, high tariffs for inputs Gives rise to several folds.
Article 44 of the Constitution shall be implemented
Hosseini Yazdi believes that the enlargement of the government in terms of size and budget, which is injected, is in conflict with Article 44 of the Constitution, and all the affairs must be left out of supplying the market to the private sector and farmers themselves.
He believes that pseudo-state companies have been rivals in the supply of inputs, and this is not in the interest of the agricultural industry, and the twelfth government should be more alert to the continuation of this trend.
Providing a curriculum for a large and influential agricultural industry, and the attention of 4.5 million farmers and their 25 million family members, is not a small issue that can be easily and simply with occasional references to debates, promotional materials and news conferences. Next to it. The importance of this industry and its impact on the country’s economy is a fact that can not be ignored in the macroeconomic planning of a country. The impact of this industry on the country’s economy, if it is not more than the petroleum industry, is less than that, because it directly relates to the people’s table and food security of the community.
Nevertheless, what will be the plans of the presidential candidates in the final debate that will be held tomorrow, as well as the days left until the election, which candidates will present their solutions to solve agricultural issues?